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Corsica Island Province of France

Facts on Corsica Island

Land area: 8,680 kmē
Population: estimated at 279,000
Area: 32/kmē
Capital City: Ajaccio

Corsica Island is the fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Cyprus, Sardinia and Sicily islands, and is located to the west of Italy, south east of France, and then to the North of the island of Sardinia and is separated from Sardinia by the Strait of Bonifacio.

Corsica Island

- Travel Guide
- Facts on Corsica
- Corsica Language
- Corsica Wines
- Wines from France

Facts on Corsica Island Province of France

Corsica is commonly termed as one of the 26 regions of France and it was sold to France in 1768.

However, by law, strictly speaking Corsica is actually a territorial collectivity and as a territorial collectivity, it has slightly more far-reaching powers than other French regions, but for the most part its status is quite similar to that of the other regions in France.

The territorial collectivity is divided in two departments which are the Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse.

Corsica has around 1,000km of coastline and more than 200 beaches, and is very mountainous.  This island has a highest peak of 2,706m and 20 other summits of more than 2,000m.

The main towns in Corsica are Ajaccio, which is also known by its Latin name of Ajax, Corte, Bastia and Sartene

It has a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and mild yet rainy winters.

Unfortunately many of the mountain forests have been reduced quite considerably due to much of the coastal lowlands being cleared for agriculture, grazing and logging.

However, the island has a natural park, kinown as Parc Naturel Regional de Corse, which protects thousands of rare animal and plant species and was created in 1972.

Also, did you know that Corsica was the birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte, who was born in Ajaccio in 1769!

Tourism plays a major role in the Corsican economy.   With the pleasant climate and breathtaking views of mountains and coastlines it has become a popular destination among the French and other Western Europeans.   However, the island has not had the same level of intensive development as other parts of the Mediterranean and is thus relatively unspoiled.  Tourism is particularly concentrated in the area around Porto Vecchio and Bonifacio in the south of the island and Calvi in the northwest.

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