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Lorraine Province of France

History of Lorraine

Lorraine, as its name indicates, was in the 9th cent. part of the kingdom of Lotharingia, which was a name given to the northern portion of the lands assigned in 843 to the Emperor of the West Lothair in the first division of the Carolingian empire.

This province became a duchy under the Holy Roman Empire. It passed in 1048 to the house of Alsace, which then became the house of Lorraine who then controlled the duchy until 1738.

Lorraine Province

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History on Lorraine Province of France

Bar and Lorraine were reunited when Lorraine passed by marriage to René in 1409 1480.

At Nancy, René II of Lorraine helped to defeat Charles the Bold (the last reigning duke of Burgundy, son and successor of Philip the Good

In the 16th century a cadet branch of the house of Lorraine, the Guise Louis de Lorraine, Cardinal de Guise, 1555-88, was killed at the same time as Henri.

The Charles de Lorraine family, gained tremendous influence in France, while Lorraine itself, under Duke Charles II (1559-1608), enjoyed a period of relative order and prosperity amid a Europe torn by religious and imperialistic strife.

Lorraine was occupied by France in the Thirty Years War (from 1618 to 1648).

In 1871, as a result of the Franco-Prussian War, the eastern part of Lorraine was ceded to Germany and united with Alsace as the imperial land (Reichsland) of Alsace-Lorraine.  Those parts of Lorraine remaining French were organized into the present department of Meurthe-et-Moselle.  Many Alsacians emigrated to France rather than submit to a policy of Germanisation.

Clamour for the return of Alsace-Lorraine became the chief rallying force for French nationalism and was a major cause of the armaments race that led to World War I.

After World War I, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, but it was again annexed by Germany during World War II.

France's recovery of this territory in 1918 was confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

Yet unfortunately, during both world wars Lorraine suffered heavily.

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