The departments of the Midi-Pyrenees
consist of Gers, Haute-Garonne, Tarn, Ariege, Lot, Aveyron, Haute-Pyrenees and
The name chosen for the new region was decided by the French central government purely on
geography Midi (i.e. "southern regions" and Pyrenees (for the Pyrenees Mountains
that are at the southern most limit of the region).
Historically, the Midi-Pyrenees is made up of several former French provinces
0.5 percent of Midi-Pyrenees is Agenais
15.4 percent of Midi-Pyrenees is Quercy
19.9 percent of Midi-Pyrenees is Rouergue
23.4 percent of Midi-Pyrenees is Languedoc
24.2 percent of Midi-Pyrenees is Gascony
Yet 16.6 percent of Midi-Pyrenees is a collection of small Pyrenean provinces
The historical flag of Languedoc (the Occitan
Cross) was adopted as the official flag of the Midi-Pyrenees region. This historical
flag of Languedoc is itself derived from the coat of arms of the old county of Toulouse.
The Midi-Pyrenees was divided in two by its traditional languages, Occitan and Gascon,
however, French is now dominant in the region, but as recently as the 1970's it was still
possible to hear Gascon or Occitan in the farmers markets.
While the metropolitan area of the capital city Toulouse is a highly densely populated
area, the rest of the region is sparsely populated, and is among the lowest of densities
in Western Europe.